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Civil explosives

Ammonium nitrate powder explosives

Amonex 1-4, Amonal and Amonal intensified are powdered TNT and ammonium nitrate based explosives. They are explosives safe for handling and transport because of their low sensitivity to impact and friction and they are also environmentally friendly. They are not sensitive to low temperatures and do not freeze. They can be used for mass blasting in surface and underground mining, for soft to very hard rock blasting, where methane and explosive coal dust are not present. They are initiated with traditional means for initiating: mining cap, electro detonators, non-electric system of initiation and detonating cord. Due to their poor water resistance they are used for blasting in dry and damp boreholes, and they are suitable for blasting in boreholes with water.
Products are available in diameters of 28-230 mm. Apart from standard calibers and explosive charge weight, cartridges of other dimensions and weights are also produced at buyers` request. At buyers` request, Powdered explosive is also produced for special purposes, contour mining and with the diameter of 17-28mm as well as a water resistant variant of this explosive.

Nitrex (Nitrol) is commercial powder explosive without TNT, intended for the blasting of medium and soft rocks in mining, construction, forestry, agriculture and quarries. It is packed in cartridges with the diameter 50mm and bigger ones. It cannot be used in mines where methane and coal dust are present. It cannot be used in boreholes with water. Initiation is carried out with a mining cap.

Permitted explosives

Emulsion explosives

Metadetonit 1 and Metadetonit 2 are powdered methane permitted explosives. They are TNT-based with inert salts which are added with the aim of preventing the self-ignition of an explosive mixture in pit air. This type of the explosive is used in mines where methane and explosive coal dust are present. Products of detonation do not contain toxic gases. They are sensitive to water.

Demulex 3M is a cartridged emulsion explosive whose density is regulated with glass microballons. The basis for emulsions is a stable non-explosive emulsion matrix, which is made on the basis of classic oxidant-fuel system. It is suitable for blasting any kind of rocks. It is easy to initiate with blasting cap, electro detonators or non-electric system of initiation. Demulex has high detonation velocity and detonating pressure, as well as excellent water resistance.

Water gel

ANFO explosive mixtures

Detonex is a type of explosive which, thanks to water and favourable plasticizers-thickeners, has plastic consistency, high density and excellent water resistance, so it can be used in boreholes with water. Since it contains water, sensitivity to friction and impact is significantly lessened, which makes it safer for transport and application. It is not sensitive to classic initiation devices, so it could be initiated with boosters or cartridges of common explosive. It is used for very hard rock blasting in open pits, but it cannot be used in underground mining. This type of explosive is produced in polyethylene hoses with the diameter of 60-120 mm.

Anfo explosive mixtures are practically two-component systems that consist of porous ammonium nitrate and fuel oil. Because of their simple content it is one of the safest explosives for production, transport and handling.
The mixture has balanced oxygen balance and it decomposes in such a way that there are no toxic gases in explosion. Bulk completely fills the borehole, so the explosive energy is more efficient and it has a better impact on the blasting effects. Blasting performances of ANFO are enhanced by using the right initiator, which ensures the maximum detonation velocity with complete energy transfer. They cannot be used for mining in boreholes with water and in mines where methane and explosive coal dust can appear.
They can be initiated with boosters or other primary explosives.

Anfo J.1 is adapted for mechanized loading of boreholes in underground mining and pneumatic loaders are produced for its use.

Anfeks PP is cartridged ANFO explosive mixture, intended for surface mining. It is packed in polyethylene packaging with the diameter of 60-90mm.

Explosives for cladding

Bulk watergel explosives

Demex is a powdered explosive for special purposes. It is a low-brisance explosive, successfully used in metal processing and coupling. It can be used for welding, surface processing-hardening, metal coupling. It is also used for the exploitation of decorative stone. It cannot be used in mines where methane and explosive coal dust can appear. They are delivered in bulk. At special request, it can be delivered in cartridges of 28mm.

Majdanit 10, 15 and 20 are explosives made at the site of blasting. They are oxygen balanced mixtures of aqueous solution of ammonium nitrate and non-explosive fuel substances, as well as additives with the purpose of stabilization and plastification. Mixing of the fuel and oxidant to get an explosive mixture is done during the process of loading the boreholes. That is done in the SLURRY vehicle. In this system, there is a possibility of loading boreholes with mixtures of different energy without stopping. Majdanit gets full detonation capability only when they are in a borehole, where they reach the diameter of the borehole and the density which ensures stable detonation. Strong initiation impulse is needed for initiation, and it is obtained by boosters or similar brisance explosives with high detonation pressure. The power of MAJDANIT can be adjusted depending on the situation and the rock. That gives us an opportunity to pump majdanit with higher energy at the bottom of the borehole to the desired height, and then to automatically continue pumping the explosive with lower energy to the upper part of the borehole. Water-resistance of Majdanit is excellent. Pillar of the pressed water becomes the water plug of the borehole.

Bulk emulsion explosives

Bulk heavy ANFO explosives

Detolit is pumpable emulsion explosive, used for mass blasting in open pits. Flexibility of its content and possible presence of metal powder enables its effective application in soft, medium hard and very hard rocks. Detolite contains no explosive components. Mixing of the components to get an explosive mixture is done during the process of loading the boreholes. Density is regulated with chemical gasification. It is initiated with boosters from the bottom of boreholes.
Detolit HA and PE is a series of heavy anfo emulsions, specially formulated with a mixture of emulsion matrix and anfo explosive, which is made of porous ammonium nitrate and designed for use in damp or dry boreholes of medium to large diameter.
The product is delivered by state-of-the-art vehicle which enables on the spot the production. Working environment and presence of water in boreholes determine which composition will be used. Vehicle capacity is 8000 kg of emulsion matrix and 3500 kg of ammonium nitrate. Other additives are also needed and they are transported in small quantities. This way of transport enables safe transport since the components themselves are not explosive. Boreholes loading velocity is 80-150 kg/min, depending on the product. Apart from the product quality, advantage of this kind of production is compete- 100% borehole loading, so there is no need for the storage of the explosive at the site of its use.
Detolit is a booster-sensitive explosive and it should be initiated with a minimum of 450 g of cast booster. An additional booster of 450g should be used if borehole height is greater than 10 m or if there is a danger of disruption in pillar loading. Detolit HA and PE mixtures can be detonated at depths of 70 m.

Labels of danger during transport:
Class: 5.1
UN3375
Ammonium nitrate emulsion
After pumping into the borehole:
Class: 1.5D
UNO332
Explosive, Blasting, Type E

Emulsion matrix

Matrix emulsion is the base for all types of the emulsion explosives and it contains non-explosive substances. It is used primarily for production of HEAVY ANFO at the vehicle. Emulsion matrix is not explosive, but when mixed with ANFO explosive or some other regulator of density in specific ratio, it becomes an explosive. It is delivered in barrels of 60 l, bidons of 1000 l, or in cisterns for bigger quantities. At special buyers` request, it is possible to adjust viscosity and water content in the emulsion matrix.

Permitted explosives

Metadetonit 1 and Metadetonit 2 are powdered methane permitted explosives. They are TNT-based with inert salts which are added with the aim of preventing the self-ignition of an explosive mixture in pit air. This type of the explosive is used in mines where methane and explosive coal dust are present. Products of detonation do not contain toxic gases. They are sensitive to water.

Emulsion explosives

Demulex 3M is a cartridged emulsion explosive whose density is regulated with glass microballons. The basis for emulsions is a stable non-explosive emulsion matrix, which is made on the basis of classic oxidant-fuel system. It is suitable for blasting any kind of rocks. It is easy to initiate with blasting cap, electro detonators or non-electric system of initiation. Demulex has high detonation velocity and detonating pressure, as well as excellent water resistance.

Water gel

Detonex is a type of explosive which, thanks to water and favourable plasticizers-thickeners, has plastic consistency, high density and excellent water resistance, so it can be used in boreholes with water. Since it contains water, sensitivity to friction and impact is significantly lessened, which makes it safer for transport and application. It is not sensitive to classic initiation devices, so it could be initiated with boosters or cartridges of common explosive. It is used for very hard rock blasting in open pits, but it cannot be used in underground mining. This type of explosive is produced in polyethylene hoses with the diameter of 60-120 mm.

ANFO explosive mixtures

Anfo explosive mixtures are practically two-component systems that consist of porous ammonium nitrate and fuel oil. Because of their simple content it is one of the safest explosives for production, transport and handling.
The mixture has balanced oxygen balance and it decomposes in such a way that there are no toxic gases in explosion. Bulk completely fills the borehole, so the explosive energy is more efficient and it has a better impact on the blasting effects. Blasting performances of ANFO are enhanced by using the right initiator, which ensures the maximum detonation velocity with complete energy transfer. They cannot be used for mining in boreholes with water and in mines where methane and explosive coal dust can appear.
They can be initiated with boosters or other primary explosives.

Anfo J.1 is adapted for mechanized loading of boreholes in underground mining and pneumatic loaders are produced for its use.

Anfeks PP is cartridged ANFO explosive mixture, intended for surface mining. It is packed in polyethylene packaging with the diameter of 60-90mm.

Explosives for cladding

Bulk watergel explosives

Majdanit 10, 15 and 20 are explosives made at the site of blasting. They are oxygen balanced mixtures of aqueous solution of ammonium nitrate and non-explosive fuel substances, as well as additives with the purpose of stabilization and plastification. Mixing of the fuel and oxidant to get an explosive mixture is done during the process of loading the boreholes. That is done in the SLURRY vehicle. In this system, there is a possibility of loading boreholes with mixtures of different energy without stopping. Majdanit gets full detonation capability only when they are in a borehole, where they reach the diameter of the borehole and the density which ensures stable detonation. Strong initiation impulse is needed for initiation, and it is obtained by boosters or similar brisance explosives with high detonation pressure. The power of MAJDANIT can be adjusted depending on the situation and the rock. That gives us an opportunity to pump majdanit with higher energy at the bottom of the borehole to the desired height, and then to automatically continue pumping the explosive with lower energy to the upper part of the borehole. Water-resistance of Majdanit is excellent. Pillar of the pressed water becomes the water plug of the borehole.

Demex is a powdered explosive for special purposes. It is a low-brisance explosive, successfully used in metal processing and coupling. It can be used for welding, surface processing-hardening, metal coupling. It is also used for the exploitation of decorative stone. It cannot be used in mines where methane and explosive coal dust can appear. They are delivered in bulk. At special request, it can be delivered in cartridges of 28mm.

Bulk emulsion explosives

Detolit is pumpable emulsion explosive, used for mass blasting in open pits. Flexibility of its content and possible presence of metal powder enables its effective application in soft, medium hard and very hard rocks. Detolite contains no explosive components. Mixing of the components to get an explosive mixture is done during the process of loading the boreholes. Density is regulated with chemical gasification. It is initiated with boosters from the bottom of boreholes.

Bulk heavy ANFO explosives

Detolit HA and PE is a series of heavy anfo emulsions, specially formulated with a mixture of emulsion matrix and anfo explosive, which is made of porous ammonium nitrate and designed for use in damp or dry boreholes of medium to large diameter.
The product is delivered by state-of-the-art vehicle which enables on the spot the production. Working environment and presence of water in boreholes determine which composition will be used. Vehicle capacity is 8000 kg of emulsion matrix and 3500 kg of ammonium nitrate. Other additives are also needed and they are transported in small quantities. This way of transport enables safe transport since the components themselves are not explosive. Boreholes loading velocity is 80-150 kg/min, depending on the product. Apart from the product quality, advantage of this kind of production is compete- 100% borehole loading, so there is no need for the storage of the explosive at the site of its use.
Detolit is a booster-sensitive explosive and it should be initiated with a minimum of 450 g of cast booster. An additional booster of 450g should be used if borehole height is greater than 10 m or if there is a danger of disruption in pillar loading. Detolit HA and PE mixtures can be detonated at depths of 70 m.

Labels of danger during transport:
Class: 5.1
UN3375
Ammonium nitrate emulsion
After pumping into the borehole:
Class: 1.5D
UNO332
Explosive, Blasting, Type E

Emulsion matrix

Matrix emulsion is the base for all types of the emulsion explosives and it contains non-explosive substances. It is used primarily for production of HEAVY ANFO at the vehicle. Emulsion matrix is not explosive, but when mixed with ANFO explosive or some other regulator of density in specific ratio, it becomes an explosive. It is delivered in barrels of 60 l, bidons of 1000 l, or in cisterns for bigger quantities. At special buyers` request, it is possible to adjust viscosity and water content in the emulsion matrix.